Antley-Bixler syndrome has an autosomal recessive pattern of inheritance. Specialty. Medical genetics. Antley-Bixler syndrome, is a rare, very severe autosomal recessive congenital disorder characterized by malformations and deformities affecting the majority of the skeleton and other areas of the body Antley-Bixler syndrome is a rare genetic disorder that can cause structural changes of the skull, bones of the face and other skeletal abnormalities. The disorder is typically associated with premature closure of joints (cranial sutures) between particular bones of the skull (craniosynostosis). Many affected infants and children also may have a. From OMIM The Antley-Bixler syndrome (ABS) is an exceptionally rare craniosynostosis syndrome characterized by radiohumeral synostosis present from the perinatal period. There is a wide spectrum of anomalies seen in ABS, including midface hypoplasia, choanal stenosis or atresia, and multiple joint contractures Antley-Bixler Syndrome is a genetic disorder that is present at birth. It is an autosomal recessive disorder, meaning that both copies of the genes must be mutated to inherit this disorder. It is also possible to have the mutated gene present without having family history of the disorder
Antley-Bixler syndrome. Antley-Bixler syndrome. December 31, 2014. Search . Synonyms. 3 Overview. A rare genetic disorder characterized by premature closing of skull bones, choanal atresia and craniofacial and limb abnormalities. Symptoms. The signs and symptoms vary significantly from person to person but may include Two genetically distinct forms are observed: type 1 Antley-Bixler syndrome is associated with heterozygous mutations in the FGFR2 gene (10q26) without impairment of steroidogenesis, whereas type 2 Antley-Bixler is associated with homozygous mutations in the POR gene (7q11.2), encoding cytochrome P450 oxidoreductase (POR), which plays a direct. The flavoprotein POR (cytochrome P-450 [oxido]reductase) is the electron donator for all microsomal P-450 enzymes.Mutations in this POR gene could be demonstrated in patients with Antley-Bixler syndrome. The lack or malfunction of POR may result in accumulation of drugs and environmental toxins usually metabolized by hepatic cytochrome P-450, which may result in levels high enough to cause. Antley-Bixler Syndrome is a rare genetic disorder that is primarily characterized by distinctive malformations of the head and facial (craniofacial) area and additional skeletal abnormalities. For example, the disorder is typically associated with premature closure of the fibrous joints (cranial sutures) between particular bones of the skull.
tomelic dysplasia, Pena-Shokeir syndrome, Antley-Bixler syndrome, Apert syndrome, Carpenter syndrome, Crouzon syndrome, and Pfeiffer syndrome. Genetic amniocentesis was performed. Chromosomal analysis revealed an unremarkable 46,XX karyotype. The normal karyotype ruled out trisomy 18 and Jacobsen syndrome. The presence of limb abnormalities antley bixler syndrome. also called craniosynostosis, choanal atresia, radial humeral synostosis, trapezoidocephaly-multiple synostosis syndrome, abs, and mu.. Crouzon syndrome is an autosomal dominant genetic disorder known as a branchial arch syndrome. Specifically, this syndrome affects the first branchial (or pharyngeal) arch, which is the precursor of the maxilla and mandible.Since the branchial arches are important developmental features in a growing embryo, disturbances in their development create lasting and widespread effects
Angelman syndrome. Antley-Bixler syndrome. Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome. Branchiootorenal syndrome. Canavan Disease. Cardio-Facio-Cutaneous syndrome. CHARGE syndrome. Cleidocranial dysplasia. Cockayne syndrome . ( ABS ), also known as trapezoidocephaly-synostosis syndrome, is a rare autosomal dominant or recessive condition characterized by craniosynostosis and extra-cranial synostoses. Mid-facial hypoplasia is also common Antley-Bixler syndrome is inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern, which means the defective gene is located on an autosome, and two copies of the gene - one copy inherited from each parent - are required to be born with the disorder. The parents of an individual with an autosomal recessive disorder both carry one copy of the defective gene.
Antley-Bixler Syndrome Support Group. 590 likes. This is a page where parents and children can come to share information and realize that they are not alone. There are so few cases of Antley-Bixler.. Aarskog syndrome is inherited in an X-linked recessive pattern. The gene associated with this condition is located on the X chromosome, which is one of the two sex chromosomes.In males (who have only one X chromosome), one altered copy of the gene in each cell is sufficient to cause the condition. In females (who have two X chromosomes), a mutation would have to occur in both copies of the. Antley-Bixler syndrome (ABS) is an exceptionally rare craniosynostosis syndrome characterized by radiohumeral synostosis present from the perinatal period. There is a wide spectrum of anomalies seen within ABS, and other features include midface hypoplasia; choanal stenosis or atresia; multiple joint contractures; visceral anomalies, particularly of the genitourinary system; and impaired. . A number sign (#) is used with this entry because of evidence that Antley-Bixler syndrome with disordered steroidogenesis (ABS1) is caused by homozygous or. Antley-Bixler syndrome, also called trapezoidocephaly-synostosis syndrome, is a rare, very severe autosomal recessive congenital disorder characterized by
Antley-Bixler Syndrome. Antley-Bixler syndrome is characterized by bicoronal synostosis (in 70%) with turricephaly but with frontal bossing, midface hypoplasia with exorbitism, and a flat and depressed nasal bridge. Low-set and dysplastic ears are a consistent feature, and choanal atresia or stenosis is present in 80% The Antley-Bixler syndrome is characterized by a craniosynostosis, i.e. premature ossification of cranial sutures, a hypoplasia of the midface, due to the absence or narrowing of the posterior nostril ( choanal atresia or choanal stenosis), due to synostoses of the humerus and radius or radius and ulna (humeroradial or radioulnar synostoses Diagnosis. Treatment. Problem with vision. Joints and spine problems. Life Expectancy. Primordial dwarfism is a disorder that slows growth at early stages of life. Infants with this disorder are born smaller in stature. An infant born with a smaller size may have a condition known as intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) Crouzon syndrome with acanthosis nigricans (CAN) is a rare genetic disorder in which the classic symptoms of Crouzon syndrome occur in association with a skin disease (i.e., acanthosis nigricans) that is characterized by abnormal, velvety thickening and increased coloration (hyperpigmentation) of the skin. Antley-Bixler syndrome. associated with Pfeiffer syndrome, Jackson-Weiss syndrome, Antley-Bixler syndrome, osteoglophonic dysplasia, squamous cell lung cancer and autosomal dominant Kallmann syndrome. Alternatively spliced variants which encode different protein isoforms have been described
This skeleton malformation presentation involved a form of CAH called Antley-Bixler syndrome or Antley-Bixler syndrome with genital anomalies and disordered steroidogenesis (OMIM 201750) in OMIM. Herein, we report a Chinese patient presenting combined features of CAH and Antley-Bixler syndrome Cytochrome P450 oxidoreductase gene mutations and Antley-Bixler syndrome with abnormal genitalia and/or impaired steroidogenesis: molecular and clinical studies in 10 patients. J Clin Endocrinol Metab, 90 (2005), pp. 414-426. CrossRef View Record in Scopus Google Scholar. Geller et al., 1997 RETRACTED ARTICLE: Fetal methotrexate syndrome and Antley-Bixler syndrome should not be confused Download PDF. Download PDF. Review; Open Access; Published: 19 April 2018; RETRACTED ARTICLE: Fetal methotrexate syndrome and Antley-Bixler syndrome should not be confused. C. Richards.
We report a patient with Antley-Bixler syndrome and review 13 patients from the literature. The cardinal features of this condition include craniosynostosis, severe mid-face hypoplasia, proptosis, choanal atresia/stenosis, frontal bossing, dysplastic ears, depressed nasal bridge, radiohumeral synostosis, long-bone fractures and femoral bowing, urogenital abnormalities and a normal karyotype. Introduction Antley-Bixler syndrome (ABS, OMIM 207410)) is an autosomal recessive multiple congenital anomaly syndrome reported in more than 50 patients. Characteristic features include craniosynostosis, midfacial hypoplasia, radiohumeral or radioulnar synostosis, femoral bowing, and genital ambiguity. Initially felt t
Antley-Bixler syndrome (ABS) is a rare developmental malformation with many musculoskeletal, craniofacial and urogenital anomalies necessitating multi-systemic assessment. Mortality is as high as 80% in the first months of life. We present two new cases that illustrate well the classic diagnostic features of the syndrome Ambiguous genitalia, impaired steroidogenesis, and Antley-Bixler syndrome in a patient with P450 oxidoreductase deficiency. By W. But and Ivan Lo. Clinical, structural and functional implications of mutations and polymorphisms in human NADPH P450 oxidoreductase. By Amit Pandey BACKGROUND:Prenatal diagnosis of severe bone diseases is challenging and requires complete and precise analysis of fetal anomalies to guide genetic investigation and parental counselling. CASE REPORT:We report a rare case of Antley-Bixler syndrome prenatally diagnosed at 26 weeks' gestation by ultrasound and computed tomography in a 28-year-old woman with a history of early termination of. She was diagnosed with Antley-Bixler syndrome, which causes structural changes to bones and the face. This prevented her from easily performing essential life skills such as eating and breathing. While Olivia has had several surgeries since birth, at 7 years old she experienced virtual surgery planning (VSP) to undergo a life-changing surgical.
Dependent on the specific skeletal dysplasia. Common symptoms may include: Shortening of bones of the arms and legs >3 standard deviations below the mean. Head circumference >75th percentile. Bowed or fractured bones. Irregular, thickened, or thin bones. Undermineralization of bones. Abnormal ribs and/or small chest circumference Antley-Bixler syndrome; Apert syndrome; Beare-Stevenson syndrome (cutis gyratum; acanthosis nigrans; hypertelorism; cleft palate; bifid scrotum; carniosynostosis with / without cloverleaf skull). Campomelic dysplasia; Carpenter syndrome; Crouzon syndrome; Partial trisomy 13q syndrome. Partial trisomy 15q syndrome Defects in FGFR2 are the cause of Antley-Bixler syndrome (ABS) [MIM:207410]. ABS is a multiple congenital anomaly syndrome characterized by craniosynostosis, radiohumeral synostosis, midface hypoplasia, malformed ears, arachnodactyly and multiple joint contractures. ABS is a heterogeneous disorder and occurs with and without abnormal genitalia. Mutations in this gene have been associated with various diseases, including apparent combined P450C17 and P450C21 deficiency, amenorrhea and disordered steroidogenesis, congenital adrenal hyperplasia and Antley-Bixler syndrome. Publication Note: This RefSeq record includes a subset of the publications that are available for this gene In response, however, Egypt's chief archaeologist Zahi Hawass dismissed the Antley-Bixler theory, claiming that Tut's genitals were fully developed. Buried within this academic argument was an astonishing revelation for the casual reader: Tut's penis, it turns out, was officially declared missing in 1968 and later reportedly discovered buried.
P450 oxidoreductase (POR) is the obligatory flavoprotein intermediate that transfers electrons from reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) to all microsomal cytochrome P450 enzymes. Although mouse Por gene ablation causes embryonic lethality, POR missense mutations cause disordered steroidogenesis, ambiguous genitalia, and Antley-Bixler syndrome (ABS), which has also been. Diminished FAD binding in the Y459H and V492E Antley-Bixler syndrome mutants of human cytochrome P450 reductase The Journal of Biological Chemistry 2006 First Published on September 24, 2006, doi. The term congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) encompasses a group of autosomal recessive disorders, each of which involves a deficiency of an enzyme involved in the synthesis of cortisol, [1, 2] aldosterone, or both. Deficiency of 21-hydroxylase, resulting from mutations or deletions of CYP21A, is the most common form of CAH, accounting for more than 90% of cases. [
Color pictures are included in appendix A. Although the etiology of these syndromes has not been completely elucidated, some patients with Antley-Bixler syndrome carry mutations in the P450 oxidoreductase gene (POR [MIM 124015]) that result in abnormal steroidogenesis (Adachi et al. Adachi et al., 2004 Antley-Bixler SyndromeâA Reply to Cragun and Hopkin To the Editor: Cragun and Hopkin (2005 [in this issue]) raise a series of points concerning use of the term Antley-Bixler syn-drome (ABS), both in our recent paper in this journal (Huang et al. 2005) and elsewhere. We agree that it i DÃ©finitions de antley bixler syndrome, synonymes, antonymes, dÃ©rivÃ©s de antley bixler syndrome, dictionnaire analogique de antley bixler syndrome (anglais 23. Fukami M, Horikawa R, Nagai T, et al, 2005 Cytochrome P450 oxidoreductase gene mutations and Antley-Bixler syndrome with abnormal genitalia and/or impaired steroidogenesis: molecular and clinical studies in 10 patients. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 90: 414-426. 24. Pandey AV, 2006 Biochemical analysis of mutations in P450 oxidoreductase Antley-Bixler syndrome : Recessive condition with bony and cartilaginous abnormalities: craniosynostosis, midface hypoplasia, choanal atresia, and joint contractures. May have cardiac, gastrointestinal, and renal abnormalities. Respiratory obstruction may require early intervention (including tracheostomy). Need major cranial surgery in.
After deciding they would fight for their daughter's life, the couple moved to Israel to be with their family. And on January 3, their baby, who they named Batya, was born. And she was, indeed, severely disabled; Batya was born blind, deaf, with spina bifida, Pfeiffer Syndrome and Antley Bixler Syndrome, and needed a ventilator to breathe (21-hydroxlyase deficiency, 11-beta hydroxylase deficiency, 17-alpha hydroxylase deficiency, P450 oxidoreductase deficiency / POR deficiency (PORD, Antley-Bixler Syndrome), stAR deficiency.
Huang N, Pandey AV, Agrawal V, et al. Diversity and function of mutations in p450 oxidoreductase in patients with Antley-Bixler syndrome and disordered steroidogenesis. Am J Hum Genet 2005; 76:729. Hui E, Yeung MC, Cheung PT, et al. The clinical significance of aldosterone synthase deficiency: report of a novel mutation in the CYP11B2 gene FlÃ¼ck CE, Tajima T, Pandey AV, et al. Mutant p-450 oxidoreductase causes disordered steroidogenesis with and without Antley-Bixler syndrome. Nat Genet. 2004;36(3):228-23014758361PubMed Google Scholar Crossre Parents Naffi and Racheli Goldman were horrified by the abuse directed at daughter Batya after they shared pictures on Facebook. mirror Load mobile Pfeiffer Syndrome and Antley Bixler Syndrome.
Shackleton C, Marcos J, Arlt W, Hauffa BP: Prenatal diagnosis of P450 oxidoreductase deficiency (ORD): a disorder causing low pregnancy estriol, maternal and fetal virilization, and the Antley-Bixler syndrome phenotype. American Journal of Medical Genetics. 2004, 129 (2): 105-112. Article Google Scholar 17 Batya was born deaf, blind, unable to breathe on her own, with spina bifida, Pfeiffer Syndrome and Antley Bixler Syndrome, on January 3. The baby was rushed to intensive care and suffered respiratory failure during infancy and is now kept alive by a ventilator. Naffi said: She had an enlarged head and her eyes were bulging Jackson-Weiss syndrome Antley-Bixler syndrome LADD syndrome FGFR3 mutation Achondroplasia Hypochondroplasia TD SADDAN CDSS (CS with acanthosis nigricans) Muenke syndrome Note.âAS = Apert syndrome, CDSS = Crouzonodermoskeletal syndrome, CS = Crouzon syndrome, LADD = lacrimoauricu-lodentodigital, OGD = osteoglophonic dysplasia, PS = Pfeiffe
Site last updated December 5, 2016 @ 3:07 pm; This content last updated May 7, 2011 @ 1:59 p Antley-Bixler is a rare syndrome associated with multisuture synostosis as well as a broad spectrum of other congenital anomalies including midface hypoplasia, radiohumeral synostosis, joint contractures and arachnodactyly (Table 1) (78-80). Prognosis is poor and mortality in the newborn is high, largely from airway issues
The Antley-Bixler syndrome is an autosomal recessive disease, and this type of homozygous or compound heterozygous mutation can induce a disease phenotype. The mutation c.1370G > A (p.Arg457His) has been detected in patients diagnosed with Antley-Bixler syndrome [20, 21]. The other mutations have also been reported in recent years [22, 23]. The. tions with genital ambiguity [known as Antley Bixler syndrome (ABS); OMIM 207410] to phenotypically minor polycystic ovary syndrome-like features. 1,2,8,10,24-26 Milder POR mutations might not be accompanied by ABS, and the steroidogenic defect may present as hypogonadism and/or infertility.1,8,14,27 Our patient was diagnosed with congenital. FGFR2 (Apert syndrome, Antley-Bixler syndrome, Pfeiffer syndrome, Crouzon syndrome, Jackson-Weiss syndrome) FGFR3 The black locks described and seen in clinical pictures of the infants are thick patches of black hair above the ears that form a half circle reaching to the other ear to make a crest shape;.
The ANOMALY LIST allows you to check your ultrasound results against a list of comprehensive list of anomalies and their primary features. The OBSTETRIC DIAGNOSTIC ASSISTANT allows you to enter the findings from your ultrasound scan from a series of criteria, to then be provided with a list of differential diagnoses Orphanet Tutorials. Orphanet procedures. Orphanet produces its data according to published procedures. Read. Rare Diseases - European Commission. RD-Action. European Medicines Agency. IRDiRC. Office of rare diseases research (US Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (SLOS) is a multiple congenital malformation syndrome that was first described by Smith, Lemli and Opitz in 1964 (Ref. Reference Smith, Lemli and Opitz. 1 ). Many hundreds of SLOS cases have been reported since that time, leading to the recognition of SLOS as a relatively common malformation syndrome The Antley-Bixler syndrome comprises malformations of cartilage and bone. The essential signs are a dysmorphic facies with flattening of the central region of the face, humeroradial synostosis with flexed attitude of the upper limbs and swelling of the distal interphalangeal and metacarpophalangeal articulations Other syndromes with overlapping phenotypes include Desbuquois chondrodystrophy, Fine-Lubinsky syndrome, pyknodysostosis, Antley-Bixler syndrome, EhlersâDanlos type VII, galactosyltransferase I deficiency and Lysyl hydroxylase 3 deficiency [Hennekam et al., 2010]. The combination, however, of the distinctive radiological findings, facial.
Antley-Bixler syndrome. IDs. cytochrome P450 oxidoreductase deficiency. IDs. Click on a disease name to see all genes associated with that disease. Mutations/Alleles. 1 with disease annotations. References. 1 with disease annotations. Mutations, Alleles, and Phenotypes less. Phenotype Summary. Objective . To evaluate diagnosis, age of referral, karyotype, and sex of rearing of cases with disorders of sex development (DSD) with ambiguous genitalia. Methods . Retrospective study during 23 years at outpatient clinic of a referral center. Results . There were 408 cases; 250 (61.3%) were 46,XY and 124 (30.4%) 46,XX and 34 (8.3%) had sex chromosomes abnormalities. 189 (46.3%. Antley-Bixler Syndrome Argininosuccinic Aciduria Aspartylglycosaminuria Ataxia Neuropathy Spectrum (ANS) Ataxia with Vitamin E Deï¬ciency Ataxia-Telangiectasia Autoimmune Polyglandular Syndrome, Type 1 Autosomal Recessive Polycystic Kidney Disease Autosomal Recessive Spastic Ataxia of Charlevoix-Saguena FGFR2 mutation associated with clinical manifestations consistent with Antley-Bixler syndrome. Chun K, Siegel-Bartelt J, Chitayat D, Phillips J, Ray PN. Haemorrhagic hydrops of the gallbladder
Nevoid basal-cell carcinoma syndrome (NBCCS), also known as basal-cell nevus syndrome, multiple basal-cell carcinoma syndrome, Gorlin syndrome, and Gorlin-Goltz syndrome, is an inherited medical condition involving defects within multiple body systems such as the skin, nervous system, eyes, endocrine system, and bones. People with this syndrome are particularly prone to developing a common. Antley-Bixler syndrome: Por: Antley-Bixler Syndrome with Genital Anomalies and Disordered Steroidogenesis: Por: ANTLEY-BIXLER SYNDROME WITHOUT GENITAL ANOMALIES OR DISORDERED STEROIDOGENESIS: Por: aromatase excess syndrome: Cyp19a1: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: Sts: AUDITORY NEUROPATHY AND OPTIC ATROPHY: Fdxr: autistic disorder.
It is important for the child to be examined carefully for signs of an inherited genetic disorder, such as facial anomalies, limb defects, hearing loss or cardiovascular malformations.Syndromes that can show craniosynostosis include: Apert, Crouzon, Pfeiffer, Muenke, Saethre-Chotzen, Antley-Bixler, and frontonasal dysplasia I wonder if people truly understand what it means if their rare disease or disorder is on the RARE Listâ¢? Last week, the Global Genes Project, leading patient advocacy organizations representing the rare disease community, issued the RARE Listâ¢, a stunning 65 page alphabetical listing of roughly 7,000 known rare diseases and disorders. Did you [ Ablepharon-Macrostomia Syndrome (AMS) is an extremely rare inherited disorder characterized by various physical abnormalities affecting the head and facial (craniofacial) area, the skin, the fingers, and the genitals. In addition, affected individuals may have malformations of the nipples and the abdominal wall
synÂ·drome (sÄnâ²drÅmâ²) n. 1. A group of symptoms that collectively indicate or characterize a disease, disorder, or other condition considered abnormal. 2. a. A complex of symptoms indicating the existence of an undesirable condition or quality: suffers from fear-of-success syndrome. b. A distinctive or characteristic pattern of behavior: the. Diagnostic Considerations. Mutations of the human FGFR s have also been identified as the cause of other craniosynostosis syndromes, including Crouzon syndrome, Pfeiffer syndrome, Jackson-Weiss syndrome, Beare-Stevenson syndrome, cutis gyrata, Antley-Bixler syndrome, and Muenke syndrome, as well as skeletal dysplasias such as achondroplasia and thanatophoric dysplasia Causes List for Bifid scrotum. Some possible causes of Bifid scrotum or similar disorders may include: 4. Acrofrontofacionasal dysostosis (Bifid scrotum) Antley Bixler syndrome (Bifid scrotum) Antley-Bixler syndrome with genital anomalies and disordered steroidogenesis (Bifid scrotum) Beare-Stevenson cutis gyrata syndrome. Other defects in FGFR1 are responsible for several diseases which include Pfeiffer syndrome (PS), idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (IHH), Kallmann syndrome type 2 (KAL2), osteoglophonic dysplasia (OGD), non-syndromic trigonocephaly, Jackson-Weiss syndrome, Antley-Bixler syndrome
Defects in CD3322 are the cause of Crouzon syndrome, Jackson-Weiss syndrome, Apert syndrome, Pfeiffer syndrome, Beare-Stevenson cutis gyrata syndrome, familial scaphocephaly syndrome, lacrimo-auriculo-dento-digital syndrome and Antley-Bixler syndrome without genital anomalies or disordered steroidogenesis The black locks described and seen in clinical pictures of the infants are thick patches of black hair above the ears that form a half circle reaching to the other ear to make a crest shape. FGFR2 (Apert syndrome, Antley-Bixler syndrome, Pfeiffer syndrome, Crouzon syndrome, Jackson-Weiss syndrome) FGFR3. McCammon KM , Panda SP , Xia C , Kim J-JP , Moutinho D , Kranendonk M , et al. Instability of the human cytochrome P450 reductase A287P variant is the major contributor to its Antley-Bixler syndrome-like phenotype. Journal of Biological Chemistry. 2016;291(39):20487-502.  Chen X , Pan LQ , Naranmandura H , Zeng S , Chen SQ Donohue syndrome (also known as leprechaunism) is an extremely rare and severe genetic disorder. Leprechaunism derives its name from the hallmark elvish features (small stature, bulging eyes, thick lips, and upturned nostrils) exhibited by the affected individuals. The disease is caused by a mutation in the INSR gene, which contains the genetic information for the formation of insulin. Antley-Bixler syndrome. IDs. Jackson-Weiss syndrome. IDs. LADD syndrome. IDs. pre-eclampsia. IDs Saethre-Chotzen syndrome. IDs. Click on a disease name to see all genes associated with that disease. Mutations/Alleles. 14 with disease annotations. References. 16 with disease annotations. Mutations, Alleles, and.
Ultrasound diagnosis of fetal renal abnormalities. Development of the urogenital system in humans is a complex process; consequently, renal anomalies are among the most common congenital anomalies. The fetal urinary tract can be visualised ultrasonically from 11 weeks onwards, allowing recognition of megacystis at 11-14 weeks, which warrants. Aplasia cutis congenita (ACC) is a heterogenous group of disorders characterized by the absence of a portion of skin in a localized or widespread area at birth. First reported by Cordon in 1767, aplasia cutis congenita manifests as a solitary defect on the scalp in 70% of cases, but it may sometimes occur as multiple lesions The black locks described and seen in clinical pictures of the infants are thick patches of black hair above the ears that form a half circle reaching to the other ear to make a crest shape. FGFR2 (Apert syndrome, Antley-Bixler syndrome, Pfeiffer syndrome, Crouzon syndrome, Jackson-Weiss syndrome Prenatal diagnosis of P450 oxidoreductase deficiency (ORD): a disorder causing lewd pregnancy estriol, maternal and fetal virilization, and the Antley-Bixler syndrome phenotype. Stress and depression are not good for health