Microcalcification forum

Cluster of microcalcifications: Breast Cancer Community

  1. The macrocalcifications are large white dots dispersed throughout the breast and are quite common and are non cancerous. Microcalcifications look like small white dots on the mammogram and are also benign. However they are usually monitored to see if they begin to cluster together. If that should occur then that can be a precancerous indication.
  2. Forums > Breast Cancer > microcalcifications. Aa. A. A. A. Close microcalcifications chunkey. I have a few microcalcifications on my right breast. In two weeks I am having them removed by a procedure lying face down. Is this too ling to wait for the procedure. The physician says the worst scenario is the lesions are pre cancerous
  3. Hi Rictina and welcome here. I'm 48 and one if the ladies whose op is this week. I too was diagnosed following microcalcifications showing up on a breast screening mammogram. My first appointment was on 2oth Feb and I was final diagnosed stage 1 invasive breast cancer on 15th March after 2 biopsies (have 2 areas to be removed)
  4. Breast cancer forum. Chat Microcalcifications - left to observe. New; Breast cancer forum requires membership for participation - click to join. Site updates. Has anyone else been told they had microcalcifications on their routine Mammograms, but not had them biopsied? I'm interested because I had them and they were never biopsied and it is.

Breast cancer forum. Chat mammo found clusters of microcalcifications. Very scared! New; Breast cancer forum requires membership for participation - click to join. Site updates. Notice: improvements release postponed. 1 month ago. Improvements are coming. 1 month ago. Look out for our improvements CCF-RN,MSN-rf. Dear corkey11: The literature reports that a BIRADs category 4 is a suspicious abnormality. Most category 4 abnormalities are benign but may require biopsy since this category can be malignant in 25-50% of cases. Keep in mind that you are asking questions on a breast cancer forum - many of the people using this forum will have. Microcalcifications can be a sign of DCIS (cancer which is still in the ducts). At my first routine mammogram, microcalcifications were found, with no lump. As it was, there was a tiny invasive tumour (< 1 cm). After surgery and rads (2 years ago), I am NED. The chances are, even if it is cancer, it will have been caught at an early stage. Mcgl microcalcifications. Microcalcifications are just what they sound like: they are little tiny spots of calcium that can form in tissue. Calcium spots are much denser than soft tissues so they show up on tests like mammograms. Calcium spots can be either microcalcifications or macrocalcifications Actually I've had microcalcifications biopsied three times. The results came back positive for BC twice. Two times it was invasive, the other was pre-invasive DCIS. They just monitored that spot each year. It never progressed. Something like 10-20% of biopsied microcalcifications turn out to be cancerous. That means the other 80-90% turn out to.

The second was a cluster within some dense tissue (I have very dense breasts). I've had other biopsies in the past as well. One excisional (fibroadenoma) in 1999, right breast, one ultrasound guided (fibroadenoma) 2006 right breast, one needle aspiration (cyst) 2006 left breast, stereotactic 2010 (microcalcifications - fibrocystic changes. My annual mamo had the following Microcalcification groups in the right upper outer quadrant are increasing in number. These were not present in 2006 or 2007. I then had recent Spot magnification views of the upper-outer right breast and there were clustered microcalcifications noted close to the site of the my prior biopsy in 2005 Microcalcifications that vary in size and shape are of more concern — you may hear these referred to as pleomorphic calcifications — and they may be clustered in a specific area of the breast. These can sometimes signal the presence of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), with or without an invasive breast cancer present as well

I too had a cluster of microcalcifications show up on a follow-up mammogram. The radiologist suggested a stereotactic-guided biopsy. Well after reading all about microcalcificaitons in different breast cancer forums, I was scared to death. It seemed like everything I read indicated that the biopsy results were malignant I was actually considering posting similar questions on this forum but wasn't sure it would be the right place. They found microcalcifications in a routine mammogram 3 yrs ago, I was put on a schedule of having a mammogram every 6 mths, there had been no changes, so a year ago I was released to going back to a yearly mammo Microcalcifications found. Hi, I'm new on this post. My mammo revealed group of microcalcifications on right breast Wed. Looked like a group of 7-8 mini-dots. New occurrance since last year's mammo. 14 years ago I had a small pea-size lump removed on same breast, which was benign. Sister was diagnosed with BC age at 57 nine years ago

(Image: On the left is an example of microcalcifications that turned out to be a mix of invasive cancer and DCIS - notice how they branch out like tree limbs. On the right is an example of a fibroadenoma with chunky popcorn-like calcifications in the breast tissue.) Breast calcifications are common and most often not a cause for concern Hi everybody.. just a quick update on this topic. The result was radial scar / complex sclerosing lesion and although it's a benign pathology I was told I should undergo a surgery to get it removed which is the normal approach in this case Microcalcifications and Early Signs of Breast Cancer. A microcalcification is an increase of calcium in one spot. They are widespread and most women will have a few on their mammogram at some point in time. The majority of them are benign. A good number of women do worry regarding them, though - maybe since they haven't been given a complete.

One of the most important ultrasound features of cancer is the presence of calcifications, especially microcalcifications, in a thyroid nodule. The presence of microcalcifications on an ultrasound is felt to be highly suggestive of thyroid cancer. Since calcifications can also be seen in benign thyroid nodules, the aim of the current study was to examine whether ultrasound calcifications truly. Breast calcifications can develop in the blood vessels of the breast. These may be age-related or caused by other medical conditions but don't usually require further assessment. Breast calcifications are more common in women, but can also be found in men. Occasionally, breast calcifications can be an early sign of cancer

Microcalcifications: These are smaller white spots on a mammogram. While these can be randomly scattered as well, they are sometimes grouped together and can be a sign of cancer. If your mammogram finds microcalcifications, your doctor will note any change in their appearance over time and probably order more tests Microcalcification may be an early sign of ductal carcinoma (in situ). However, this finding is very non specific, especially in women over age 50 (seen in up to 50% in some studies.). They will be seen with mastitis, old injuries, small vessel calcifications and benign fibroadenomas

Microcalcifications can occur in combination with a tumor mass, but one of the primary problems in breast screening is microcalcifications that occur alone. About 15 to 30 percent of all lesions detected through mammography are diagnosed as DCIS and present as microcalcifications alone (. Yamamoto et al., 2004. Yamamoto D The mammogram will show the cancer cells inside the ducts as a cluster of these microcalcifications, which appear either as white specks or as a shadow. Biopsy: If you do have a suspicious mammogram, your doctor will probably want you to have a biopsy. There are two ways to get a biopsy done with only a little bit of surgery (more invasive. The presence of microcalcifications in the breast microenvironment, combined with the growing evidences of the possible presence of osteoblast-like or osteoclast-like cells in the breast, suggest the existence of active processes of calcification in the breast tissue during a woman's life. Furthermore, much evidence that osteoimmunological disorders, such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid.

microcalcifications - Breast Cancer - MedHel

Microcalcifications are either calcium phosphate (basophilic, nonbirefringent) or calcium oxalate (seen with polarized microscopy, not H&E, Am J Surg Pathol 1990;14:961, Arch Pathol Lab Med 1989;113:1367, Mod Pathol 1992;5:146 Calcifications ( Figs. 17.1 and 17.2) • Type: amorphous/indistinct. • Distribution: grouped/clustered. Fig 17.1 (A) Right CC mammogram. In the outer breast, multiple amorphous densities were present ( circle ). These densities could only be identified on this view. ( B) Enlargement of circled densities in A

Welcome to the Breast Reconstruction Revision community. Be sure to look around by clicking on the tabs at the top of the page to see Reviews, Pictures, Doctor Q&A, Videos, Forums, Guides, and Cost data. There is a wealth of information available, so don't get overwhelmed Uterine Cancer. 5405. 65528. Jun 18, 2021 - 4:45 pm. By RainbowRita. No new posts. Other Discussion Boards. Please remember that these discussion boards are a public forum, which means open to the public (i.e. non-CSN members) and the content can be found via internet search engines. Members are strongly advised not to share personal. Mammogram Findings: Microcalcifications. Microcalcifications are one of the main ways radiologists detect breast cancer on mammogram in the very early stages ( Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). Microcalcifications are actually tiny specks of mineral deposits (such as calcium). They distribute themselves in various ways Thanks to heightened awareness of breast cancer screening, women are being diagnosed earlier than ever before. However, that has also resulted in what some experts consider an epidemic of women diagnosed with abnormal breast conditions that are not cancer or may never develop into invasive cancer Europe PMC is an archive of life sciences journal literature. Patients and Methods. We retrospectively analyzed 99 consecutive, non-palpable and microcalcification-associated breast cancers (94 women) that were treated surgically between January 2002 and December 2003 at a national academic breast cancer center

Best answers. 0. Sep 25, 2008. #1. I am looking for an icd-9-cm code for breast calcification. I found 793.89. Is this the only code there is? This says Other abnormal findings on radiological exam of breast. The doctor reviewd the operative report, that report and surgery consult from breast biopsy So they found microcalcifications in my left breast. They sent me for the second mammogram and I just got a call from the hospital that I need a biopsy. I am schedules for February 12, 2019, 2pm. I am very nervous and stressed just because my body has not been well for the past 4 months. I have always been healthy and it's just recently my. Microcalcifications in a thyroid nodule are a suspicious finding and are associated with malignancy in the nodule. 2 article feature images from this case Colloid nodule (thyroid Microcalcifications. Small clusters of calcium deposits are concerning, but while they often indicate that a biopsy is needed (intraductal calcifications generally require a biopsy), they're not.

Breast microcalcification is a potential diagnostic indicator for non-palpable breast cancers. Microcalcification type I (calcium oxalate) is restricted to benign tissue, whereas type II (calcium hydroxyapatite) occurs both in benign as well as in malignant lesions. Microcalcification is a pathological complication of the mammary gland The agent can then use various functions to classify microcalcifications and diagnose the patients. The functions are documented, but here is roughly what the program can do: Takes an array of data containing microcalcification characteristics and classifies it into benign or malignant When a patient is called back from an abnormal screening mammogram, additional imaging of the breast will be performed referred to as diagnostic imaging. This article is intended to serve as a general guide to diagnostic imaging. Every patient presents a unique case and the diagnostic workup may vary based on your individual situation as well as on the protocols set forth by the imaging.

They say I have Breast Cancer from Calcifications Cancer

Suspicious breast calcifications are calcifications within the breast that have a morphology and/or distribution on mammography indicating a significant probability of malignancy. These merit further workup and biopsy 1.. Radiographic features Technique. Some calcifications may be more conspicuous on digital breast tomosynthesis rather than 2D mammography 2 Évaluer le risque de cancer devant des microcalcifications ACR3 et ACR4. Étude rétrospective de cinq ans couvrant la période de janvier 2008 à décembre 2012, ayant concerné 96 patientes sur 5 204 ayant eu une mammographie. Nous avons confronté les lésions cancéreuses avec les microcalcifications ACR3 et ACR4. Le cancer était dépisté chez 201 femmes, soit une prévalence de 3,8 %

Microcalcifications - left to observe - Macmillan Online

  1. Mammograms microcalcifications detection. Algorithm for mammograms microcalcifications detection using opencv-python. This algorithm is an implementation based on the article by Michael Wirth¹, Matteo Fraschini² and Jennifer Lyon¹. ¹University of Guelph, Guelph Canada ²Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche - Università di Cagliari, Italy. How.
  2. CNB results usually take two days to a week, depending on whether the sample needs to be analyzed further. Anywhere from 15% to 25% of the time, the results show breast tissue that will need surgery for more testing. Sometimes, the biopsy finds precancerous cells or cells that are not a pre-cancer but not completely normal, either
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  4. Elastography helpful in breast microcalcification cases By Amerigo Allegretto, AuntMinnie.com staff writer. June 21, 2021-- Shear-wave elastography could be useful in helping decide whether women undergoing breast screening should receive a second biopsy or excision when it comes to suspicious microcalcifications, according to research published June 11 in Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology
  5. DCIS is diagnosed when the cells that line the milk ducts turn malignant, but are unable to penetrate through the wall of the duct (noninvasive), so cannot get into the lymph nodes or blood stream. There is currently controversy about whether DCIS should be called breast cancer at all. Currently, it is classified as being Stage 0 breast cancer
  6. Treatment for thyroid calcification may include surgery. Thyroid calcification may lead to the development of nodules within the thyroid. Iodine deficiency can increase an individual's risk for developing thyroid calcification. The thyroid is an endocrine gland located in the neck around the trachea and larynx

mammo found clusters of microcalcifications

  1. ant microcalcifications were identified on mammograms in 167 (41.4%) of 403 patients. Sixty-one (36.5%) of 167 biopsy specimens contained.
  2. Microcalcification is the most important landmark information for early breast cancer. At present, morphological artificial observation is the main method for clinical diagnosis of such diseases, but it is easy to cause misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis. The present study proposes an algorithm for detecting microcalcification on mammography for early breast cancer
  3. For Melissa Resnick, Valentine's Day 2012 holds a particular significance: It is the day she had a mammogram that led to a biopsy showing she did—yet did not—have breast cancer. The biopsy showed that Resnick had DCIS—ductal carcinoma in situ. Breast cancer is staged according to a system that takes into account how large the tumor is and how far it has spread

cluster of microcalcifications benign? - Breast Cancer

  1. Publicationdate 2008-05-11. Ductal carcinoma-in-situ (DCIS) represents 25-30% of all reported breast cancers. Approximately 95% of all DCIS is diagnosed because of mammographically detected microcalcifications. In this review we will focus on: Description of breast calcifications. Differential diagnosis. BIRADS classification
  2. UltraVision debuts breast microcalcification software By AuntMinnie.com staff writers. June 17, 2021-- UltraVision recently announced it has developed a patent-pending software to visualize microcalcifications for breast cancer diagnosis and biopsy guidance.. The software, called MC-mode, can be implemented on ultrasound scanners and used for visualizing microcalcifications, with the initial.
  3. g invasive. DCIS is usually found during a mammogram done as part of breast cancer screening or.
  4. al aortic aneurysm expansion: the 18F-Sodium Fluoride Imaging in Abdo
  5. Les gisements de calcium dans le tissu de sein sont des calcifications, qui en dépit de l'opinion populaire ne sont pas liées au calcium qui est ingéré par l'intermédiaire des suppléments ou.

Hypothesis Women with breast cancer who have casting-type microcalcifications associated with multifocal invasion and extensive ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) form a subset of patients with a poor prognosis. Our study aims to identify the mammographic and pathologic features of this group. Design Women with casting-type microcalcifications, multifocal invasion, and extensive DCIS were. Evaluation of Microcalcifications • Diffuse or scattered distribution is typically seen in benign entities • Regional distribution favor a non-ductal distribution (i.e. benignity) • Clustered calcifications are seen in benign and malignant disease and are of intermediate concern • Linear distribution is typicall

Breast calcifications - Breast Cancer Now Forum - 14918

  1. Breast Cancer 2021 is taking place on April 28-29, 2021, Barcelona, Spain. Breast Cancer Conference is conducting on the theme of Latest advancements and Treatments to Cure and Prevent Breast Cancer. Breast Cancer Conference is a unique conference which is going to make the differences in Breast Cancer Diagnosi
  2. Don't Be Fooled by DCIS. A 46-year-old woman had a routine screening mammogram that showed new calcifications in the posterior left breast. A diagnostic mammogram showed several small punctate calcifications, and a 6-month interval follow-up was recommended. Oncology (Williston Park). 31 (7):549-561
  3. Infiltrating Ductal Carcinoma- Solid Nodules -images. Ductal carcinoma implies that there is cancer in the form of solid nodules located in the ducts of the breast. Mammary ductal carcinoma is the most common type of breast cancer in women, (up to 80% of all breast cancers) It comes in two forms: ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), a noninvasive, possibly malignant, neoplasm that is still.
  4. Background: The Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) ultrasound (US) categorization revised in 2013 by the American College of Radiology resulted in unquestionable standardization of reports and confirmed category 3 and 5 as benign and malignant lesions, respectively. In contrast, suspected images (category 4) have subcategorization criteria, although theses have been detailed.
  5. Microcalcifications. Microcalcifications (0.5-50 μm) have been found in atheromas (Vengrenyuk et al., 2008), and may represent an early stage in the continuum of the vascular calcification cascade (Reith et al., 2018).Plaque calcification reflects an active stage of atherosclerosis associated with inflammation
Qiao&#39;s Pathology: Breast: DCIS - Micropapillary Type | Flickr

Asymmetry and Architectural Distortion. Asymmetry of the parenchyma is a common finding on mammography, and it is observed when the same mammographic views are visualized together as mirror images. The observation of asymmetry may be related to a greater degree of parenchyma in one breast, loss of parenchyma through surgery, superimposition of. Adenosis of the Breast. Adenosis is a benign (non-cancerous) breast condition in which the lobules (milk-producing glands) are enlarged, and there are more glands than usual. Adenosis is often found in biopsies of women who have fibrosis or cysts in their breasts. There are many other names for this condition, including aggregate adenosis. Furthermore, assessment of microcalcifications should be based on the most worrisome morphology or distribution, and it is the most suspicious finding which should prompt action. 6 The positive predictive value (PPV) of malignancy for amorphous calcifications is approximately 20%, based on review of multiple single-institution consecutive-case. Architectural distortion is a common finding in the breast within the first 6 months after biopsy ( Fig. 3 ). The distortion arises from the scarring process after surgery and can rarely be evident grossly as a lump or thickening of the skin around the incision site

Microcalcifications? Cancer Survivors Networ

Module 1: Microcalcifications: Affirm® Prone Biopsy System Educational Experience Dr. Terri Gizienski reviews sample patient cases involving biopsy of microcalcifications. GYN Surgica Breast ultrasound is an imaging test that uses sound waves to look at the inside of your breasts. It can help your healthcare provider find breast problems. It also lets your healthcare provider see how well blood is flowing to areas in your breasts. This test is often used when a change has been.

Breast calcifications (pain, cyst, chemo, mammogram

View All Forum Topics View All Blogs. Turn on suggestions. Auto-suggest helps you quickly narrow down your search results by suggesting possible matches as you type. I am scheduled for a breast biopsy because of microcalcifications that showed up on my mammogram. Has anyone else had this problem? Mine are clumped together in a circle. Would. I'm wondering if anyone else has a similar story. I am 26 years old. I have a normal functioning thyroid but I have a 3.2cm solitary dominant nodule that is mostly solid, isoechoic with bits of it being hypoechoic, has microcalcifications with no comet tail artifact proving absence of colloid, has internal vascularity, and is larger longitudinally (I think this means its taller than wide) Forum Index » Health and Medicine : Author Message; 11/03/2012 16:10 Subject: Microcalcifications found and then had a diagnostic which did not clarify the picture- it made it muddier because the diagnostic one found microcalcifications that were in the distribution and size that are more worrisome for cancer, so I had to have a mammogram. coucou , voilà mon petit soucis:j'ai appris lors de la mammographie que j'avais des microcalcifications au sein gauche.Elles sont a un stade très peu avancées, mais je devrais réaliser tous les 6 mois une mammographie de contröle pour voir leurs evolutions At ultrasound both testicles in the scrotum with heterogeneous structure because of hyperechogenic microinclusions(1 mm or less) - testicular microcalcification. Testicular microlithiasis is a condition of unknown causes. Many investigations results that this condition has a high risk of oncology

Soft tissues sonography - Maxillary sinus cyst vs

Small cluster of microcalcification - HealingWel

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Reoccuring Microcalcification Question wait or removal

Understanding Breast Calcification

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Breast Calcifications - Breast Cancer - MedHel

A 63 year-old female with 3- month history of gradually progressive double vision and a droopy right eyelid. She had binocular oblique diplopia, worse when looking to the right. Her symptoms were constant and did not fluctuate with activity or the time of day. Workup and imaging revealed Enophthalmos Secondary to Metastatic Scirrhous Breast Cancer to the Orbi Palpation of Benign Breast Masses. In contrast to breast cancer tumors, benign lumps are often squishy or feel like a soft rubber ball with well-defined margins. They're often easy to move around (mobile) and may be tender. 4 . Breast infections can cause redness and swelling

Anyone dealing with Atypical Ductal Hyperplasia (ADH

Feeling a lump (84% risk). DCIS does not cause symptoms and 80% of the time is found only by mammography. However, when DCIS causes a palpable lump (one that can be felt), it is likely to be aggressive. Involved margins (63% risk). When the tumor is removed, if tumor cells are found to extend out to the edge of normal breast tissue, the risk. Calcification is a clinical marker of atherosclerosis. This review focuses on recent findings on the association between calcification and plaque vulnerability. Calcified plaques have traditionally been regarded as stable atheromas, those causing stenosis may be more stable than non-calcified plaques. With the advances in intravascular imaging technology, the detection of the calcification and. Suspicious Mammogram Result: Follow-Up and Next Steps. You get your routine mammogram and, soon after, you receive a call or letter from your doctor's office. You're told that you need to make. BACKGROUND. Based on its cytologic features, and its co-occurrence with atypical hyperplasia and breast cancer, flat epithelial atypia (FEA) has been proposed as a precursor lesion on the pathway to the development of breast cancer

Microcalcifications found - HealingWel

Most commonly they are either fibroadenomas or gross (obvious) cysts. A fibroadenoma is a rubbery, smooth, benign, fibrous tumor common in younger women. In women under age 25, it can be observed over time. They generally do not grow bigger. Large cysts are more common in women aged 25 to 50-an age group when cancer just begins to apear 21,230. 5,046. The X-Rays will mostly just pass right through. The small portion that is absorbed will knock some electrons out of the orbitals and perhaps split some molecules apart, but we're talking a very, very small portion. Not enough to adversely affect any food. May 27, 2021. #3. kenny1999. 196 A new technology called Savi Scout is making lumpectomies (or partial removal of the breast) easier for patients and surgeons by: decreasing time in the hospital. and increasing lumpectomies' success rates. It may also give women more normal-looking breasts after surgery by reducing the amount of healthy breast tissue that's removed Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is the earliest possible form of breast cancer. It needs to be treated but is not life-threatening. Breast cancer usually starts in the cells that line the lobules and the milk ducts that carry milk from the lobule out through the nipple These findings were interpreted as normal parenchyma and ongoing annual screening was recommended. On the next screening mammogram a year later, these appearances were more prominent, but otherwise similar (Fig. 4a-d). However, on this occasion, ultrasound showed a small, mildly vascular, hypoechoic mass measuring 12 × 8 × 13 mm (Fig. 5a,b). The patient underwent ultrasound-guided biopsy.

Let's Talk About Breast Calcifications: Worry or Not

Italian term or phrase: microcalcificazioni a stampo Breast cancer lesions: Nell'ambito delle microcalcificazioni, le granulari sono state le più frequentemente osservate (59%), le pulverulente (16%), le lobulari (14%), le miste (7%) e a stampo (4%) Mammography uses X-rays to create images of the breast. These images are called mammograms. Learn more about mammograms.. Learn about getting a mammogram.. Mammography images. Like other X-ray images, mammograms appear in shades of black, gray and white, depending on the density of the tissue (see images below).Very dense tissue, like bone, shows up as white on an X-ray DOI: 10.1200/JCO.19.03213 Journal of Clinical Oncology - published online before print May 22, 2020 . PMID: 3244206 Objective: Cervical lymph node metastasis (LNM) was found to be clinically significant prognostic factors of patients with papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTC). Ultrasound (US) characteristics of thyroid nodules and thyroid parenchyma may be used to predict LNM. To investigate the value of nodular US features as well as thyroid parenchymal microcalcifications on US in predicting LNM in patients.

@Helmi Radiology covers many forms of imaging, including the computed tomography (CT) mentioned in the OP and ultrasound scanning. Echogenic is a term used in ultrasound scanning - the context given in Proz, where I suspect dude found his suggestion. It doesn't fit the context of CT, however A stereotactic breast biopsy may be performed when a mammogram shows a breast abnormality such as: a suspicious mass. microcalcifications, which are a tiny cluster of small calcium deposits. a distortion in the structure of the breast tissue. an area of abnormal tissue change. a new mass or area of calcium deposits in a previous surgery site Page views in 2021 to date (this page and chapter topics): 1,043,23 In a recent Italian study of 25 572 women who attended for breast screening, 9157 (36%) had normal mammograms but a dense parenchymal pattern (BI-RADS D3-4). This group of women underwent bilateral breast ultrasound. Ultrasound detected 37 additional cancers, giving an incremental cancer detection rate of 0.4% Microcalcifications are small crystals of calcium apatites which form in human tissue through a number of mechanisms. The size, morphology, and distribution of microcalcifications are important indicators in the mammographic screening for and diagnosis of various carcinomas in the breast. Although x-ray mammography is currently the only accepted method for detecting microcalcifications, its.