Interpretation. Normal. Score <8: White or black women in U.S. and Britain. Score <6: South American Women. Score <2: Asian Women. Mild Hirsutism. Score above lower bounds (defined by ethnicity above) and score <15. Severe Hirsutism. Score >15 Upper back. Lower back. Interpretation. Normal. Score <8: White or black women in U.S. and Britain. Score <6: South American Women. Score <2: Asian Women. Mild Hirsutism. Score above lower bounds (defined by ethnicity above) and score <15
Ferriman and Gallwey [ 36] published a hirsutism rating scale that is illustrated in the table below. This scale allows the physician to measure a response to therapy objectively. This system is.. When we used the Ferriman Gallwey map, our interpretation was that even in the most optimistic interpretation, there was considerable individual discrepancy between scores obtained by four observers for any given patient. Graphic agreement analysis (11) found that individual variations were quite wide The modified Ferriman-Gallwey (mFG) score grades 9 body areas from 0 (no hair) to 4 (frankly virile), including the upper lip, chin, chest, upper abdomen, lower abdomen, thighs, back, arm, and.. The Ferriman-Gallwey score is a method of evaluating and quantifying hirsutism in women. The method was originally published in 1961 by D. Ferriman and J.D. Gallwey in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology. Modified Ferriman-Gallwey score The modified Ferriman-Gallwey score provides a semi-subjective method to assess the magnitude of hair growth in nine androgen-dependent areas such as the mustache area, chin, upper chest, abdomen, and back . Although a modified Ferriman-Gallwey score of 6 to 8 is usually considered to indicate hirsutism, variation among ethnic groups occurs
Spironolactone and flutamide were each associated with lower Ferriman-Gallwey scores, but were not different from each other (MD for spironolactone vs flutamide: −1.90 [95% CI, −5.01 to 1.21] for 4 months and 0.49 [95% CI, −1.99 to 2.9] for 6 months; 2 studies [n = 40] ; very low-quality evidence) . Hirsutism was an explicit enrollment criterion for nine of the 12 RCTs, five of which specified a minimal Ferriman-Gallwey score required for enrollment. Across the comparisons, baseline mean Ferriman-Gallwey scores ranged from 11.4-25.1. TABLE 2 The modified Ferriman-Gallwey score significantly decreased from baseline (21/36) to 12 months (10/36) (P < .001). The hair growth rate, diameter and density were significantly lower in the periumbilical region ( P < .001) and facial region ( P = .009, P = .049 & P = <.001 for hair growth rate, diameter and density, respectively) over a 12. H was defined as having hirsutism (modified Ferriman-Gallwey score ≥ 6) and/or a total testosterone (T) and/or free androgen index (FAI) level above the upper 95th percentile of 110 healthy non-hirsute eumenorrheic women. Specifically the upper normal limits were as follows: total T, 60 ng/dl (2.08 nmol/liter) and FAI, 4.94 In 1981, Hatch et al. proposed a threshold of total mFG score ≥8 to define clinically-significant hirsutism with scores of 8-15 representing mild, 16-25 for moderate, and >25 for severe hirsutism [ 7 ]. In North American and predominantly non-Hispanic White cohorts, this remains a commonly-used threshold for hirsutism [ ]
Results: The Ferriman-Gallwey score, circulating androgen levels, ovarian volume, and mean number of small subcapsular follicles on 2D and 3D sonography were significantly higher in the patients with polycystic ovary syndrome than the controls (P <.001). A stromal score of 1 or 2 was found in all of the patients but none of the controls Figure 1. Ferriman-Gallwey Hirsutism Scoring System. Ferriman D, Gallwey JD. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1961;21(11):1440-1447. Each of the nine body areas most sensitive to androgen is assigned a score from 0 (no hair) to 4 (frankly virile). These separate scores are summed to provide a total hormonal hirsutism score In the US general population, a normal score is less than 8; mild, 8-15; and severe, greater than 15. 1 Polycystic ovary syndrome, associated with abnormally increased androgen levels, accounts for 75% to 80% of hirsutism. 1 Another 5% to 20% of cases are due to idiopathic hirsutism, which is diagnosed in the absence of increased androgen. I suggest to specify the evaluation of hirsutism with Ferriman-Gallwey score. Author Response. Comments and Suggestions for Authors. Point 1:This study looks at the use of AMH concentration of AMH as a surrogate marker of PCOS in Saudi Arabia women population. Methods, results and interpretation of data are clear. Response 1: Thank you
The modified Ferriman-Gallwey Score (mFGS) is used to measure the degree of terminal hair growth in several body sites and total score of ≥ 8 is considered hirsutism 8
Material/Methods. Between January 2016 to May 2017 clinical data were collected from Uygur (N=82) and Han (N=100) women diagnosed with PCOS, including age, body mass index (BMI), the Ferriman-Gallwey (mFG) hirsutism score, and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) Ok, now excess hair growth can be quantified using the Ferriman-Gallwey score. This score requires assessing the amount of hair present in nine body areas: the upper lip, chin, chest, upper and lower back, upper and lower abdomen, upper arms, and thighs All the enrolled patients were classified as non-obese at T0 (mean BMI <25, as showed in Table 1).The T test for matched data (Table 1) showed a statistically significant reduction of the Systolic Arterial Pressure (but not Diastolic), Ferriman-Gallwey Score, LH, LH/FSH ratio, total Testosterone, free Testosterone, ∆-4-Androstenedione, Prolactin, and HOMA Index; in the same patients, we. A positron emission tomography (PET) scan was performed in an attempt to localize a testosterone-producing tumor but was unremarkable. On examination, she exhibited a receding hair line, thin hair, acne, central obesity and clitoromegaly with a Ferriman-Gallwey score of 13
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a common disorder characterized by clinical or biochemical hyperandrogenism and ovulary dysfunction. Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) adversely affects quality of life and interpersonal relationships. We aimed to compare the prevalence of FSD in women with and without PCOS. We pooled data from 28 observational studies involving 6256 women This patient had an extreme presentation of a common disorder. Her premenarchal status, elevated androgens, and virilization raised concern for non-PCOS pathology requiring sequential pharmacological hormone suppression testing and imaging for accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment. The testin Eight of these studies employed Rotterdam criteria for diagnosis of PCOS and one used NIH criteria [hyperandrogenemia (free androgen index > 8) and history of oligomenorrhoea (cycle length, < 21 days or > 35 days; < 8 cycles per year) or amenorrhoea and hirsutism (Ferriman-Gallwey score >8) 37 . Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most commonly diagnosed ovarian dysfunction, with a prevalence in 6%-15% of women (1-3).It accounts for more than 80% of ovarian dysfunction-related infertility (2-4).PCOS is also associated with an increased risk of diabetes and cardiovascular events in adulthood ().The diagnosis of PCOS in adults is based on the revised criteria.
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is known as the most common endocrine disorder of women in reproductive ages. With the increasing prevalence of PCOS in different countries, the use of herbal medicine as an alternative treatment is growing in these patients. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of flaxseed powder supplementation on metabolic biomarkers of patients with PCOS . It is the most common indicator of hyperandrogenism. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical impact of new androgens sensitive skin area to total body hirsutism score. Methods: This was cross-sectional study. Most of the patients in this study group (n = 300.
Huge Selection on Second Hand Books. Low Prices & Free Delivery. Start Shopping! World of Books is one of the largest online sellers of second-hand books in the worl The Ferriman-Gallwey (F-G) score was created in 1961 and has been used to measure hirsutism as a marker of androgen excess in women . Originally created to assess 11 body areas, the scoring system was later modified to evaluate nine key areas associated with hormonal hair growth The modified Ferriman-Gallwey score (mFG) is the most commonly used method (2), but at least three open questions related to the interpretation of the mFG score still remain. 1. Which cut-off value should be used to diagnose the presence of hirsutism? 2. How to interpret hirsutism predominantly localized on the face with respect t Ferriman-Gallwey score. It is the most widely used method to quantify hair growth. Using this method, nine androgen-sensitive sites are graded from 0 to 4. A Ferriman-Gallwey score >8 is considered abnormal for black or white women. For Mediterranean, Hispanic, and Middle Eastern women, a Ferriman-Gallwey score ≥9 to 10 is considered abnorma
Background. Acne and hirsutism are common complaints in adolescent females. Acne peaks during puberty and is present in up to 85% of female youth. 1 Hirsutism is quantified using the Ferriman-Gallwey Score. A score of 8 or higher in Caucasians is considered elevated. 2,3 The most common cause of increased acne and hirsutism is normal pubertal changes with physiologic increased androgens The second finding of the study was the low impact of areas; like upper back, upper arm, and chest had lower mean score and less contributing effect to total hirsutism score, with a mean score that ranged between 0.72-0.97, which is essentially similar to Hassa et al.'s study, where upper back, upper arm, and upper abdomen had low mean score Hirsutism is graded based on the hair growth's location and severity using the Ferriman-Gallwey (FG) score. A score of eight or higher is part of the diagnostic criteria for PCOS [26,27] . A meta-analysis conducted in 2017 concluded that women with PCOS had higher FG scores than control groups 
The Ferriman-Gallwey score is the gold standard tool to evaluate hirsutism. Aetiology: with an abnormal hirsutism score. However, NICE guideline recommends there should populations further complicate the interpretation of testosterone levels in women
Subfertility affects one in seven couples and is defined as the inability to conceive after 1 year of regular unprotected intercourse. This article describes the initial clinical evaluation and investigation to guide diagnosis and management. The primary assessment of subfertility is to establish the presence of ovulation, normal uterine cavity and patent fallopian tubes in women, and normal. The diagnosis of PCOS was based on the presence of oligo-ovulation and clinical or biochemical hyperandrogenism, including a modified Ferriman-Gallwey (mF-G) hirsutism score (i.e., mF-G score ≥6) and hyperandrogenemia (i.e., total testosterone [T], free T, and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate [DHEAS] above normal
Risk of infertility (RII) scale was used to assess the score in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) and classify them into different risk categories like mild (score ≤7), moderate (score 8-10) and severe (score >10). Results: There were 5.1% cases with a mild score, 61.5% with a moderate score, and 33.3% with a severe score Study subjects. Thirty women diagnosed with PCOS by a single primary care provider were enrolled in the study. PCOS was defined as having 2 of 3 characteristics: 1) oligo-anovulation (menstrual cycles <21 or >35 days), 2) clinical and/or biochemical evidence of hyperandrogenism (modified Ferriman-Gallwey score > 6  and/or a free androgen index ≥ 5 ), 3) polycystic ovaries on ultrasound. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine condition affecting between 8 and 13% of women of reproductive age  and 6-18% of adolescent girls [2, 3] depending on the diagnostic criteria used and the population studied [4,5,6].Adolescence, as defined by the World Health Organisation, is the period between 10 and 19 years of age that includes significant and critical. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of D-Chiro-Inositol in women affected by polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). METHODS: We enrolled 48 patients, with homogeneous bio-physical characteristics, affected by PCOS and menstrual irregularities. These patient
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone analog plus an oral contraceptive containing desogestrel in women with severe hirsutism: Effects on hair, bone, and hormone profile after 1-year us Results: Menstrual regularity, Ferriman-Gallwey score and serum total testosterone significantly improved in the OCP group compared to drug-naïve group (P<0.01). No significant difference was observed in PAI-1 levels of the two groups; however, significant decrease in FVIII levels was observed in OCP group as compared to drug-naïve group It mainly occurs on face, chest and back in women. Hirsutism grades from 0 (no hair) to 4 (frankly virile) by the modified Ferriman-Gallwey (mFG) score which includes 9 body areas such as upper lip, chin, chest, upper abdomen, lower abdomen, thighs, back, arms and buttocks 
The ureters are reimplanted using the ferriman-gallwey score in determine whether or contiguous inflammatory processes contribute to the tumor (t), involvement of tumor in women with genetic mutations in the 236. Int j radiat oncol biol phys 1991; 27:1005 . Pathological causes of acne and hirsutism include polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), congenital adrenal hyperplasia, and adrenal or ovarian tumors. PCOS is largely a clinical diagnosis.. Interpretation. Testosterone was well tolerated and as safe as oestrogen for hormone-replacement therapy. Testosterone can be an alternative hormone substitution in CAIS, especially for woment with reduced sexual functioning. Assessment of somatic effects included evaluation of possible virilisation, using the Ferriman-Gallwey Score for. The BDI-II scores of phenotype A were higher than phenotype D. The BAI scores of phenotype A were higher than phenotype B, C, and D. There was no difference between BES scores through all PCOS phenotypes. There was a difference in modified Ferriman-Gallwey score between phenotypes except between phenotype A and phenotype B (p=0.13) Ascertaining hyperandrogenism in women, either clinical or biochemical, has inherent problems. Tissue sensitivity to androgens varying within an individual at different sites of body and between individuals; the modified Ferriman-Gallwey score (mFGS) varying with each ethnicity and the lack of objective measures to check other hyperandrogenic signs (acne, female pattern hair loss, etc.
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the commonest endocrine disorder affecting women of reproductive age. Its aetiology, though yet unclear, is presumed to have an oligogenic basis interacting with environmental factors. Kisspeptins are peptide products of Kiss1 gene that control the hypothalamic pituitary (HPG) axis by acting via G protein-coupled receptor known as GPR54 The modified Ferriman-Gallwey scale (F-G scale) is a visual self-rating method to determine hairiness in nine androgen dependent body areas ,. The scale ranges from 0 to 36, and the cut-off score for hirsutism is a value over six, except in facial areas where a F-G score ≥ 2 also is considered as hirsutism [ 31 ],[ 32 ]
Hirsutism was evaluated using a modified Ferriman-Gallwey scoring (m-FG score) system (Yildiz et al., 2010) and was defined as an m-FG score above 8 in Caucasian and above 6 in Asian women. This study protocol was approved by Ethics committees at the Alfred Hospital and Monash Health. All subjects gave written informed consent prior to. Ferriman Gallwey Score 12 Abdominal examination shows stria and the rest of examination revealed thin skin with bruises and stretch marks along with a pad of fatty tissue between the shoulders and neck What is the most likely diagnosis? A. Cushing's syndrome B. Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome C. Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasi - Hirsutism. This will be measured using the Ferriman Gallwey Scale. The score will be: less than or equal to 8—normal; from 8 to 11—mild hirsutism; from 12 to 19—moderate hirsutism; and from 20 and above—severe hirsutism. 2.6.3 Data collection related to secondary aim A trained nurse evaluated clinical HA using the modified Ferriman-Gallwey score of ≥ 8 to determine hirsutism [9, 24]. PCOM was determined using adult criteria (defined as ≥ 1 ovary ≥ 10cm 3 in volume or ≥ 12 follicles between 2 and 9 mm diameter) [ 27 ] and evaluated using transabdominal ultrasound with a full bladder during the early.
Risk of infertility (RII) scale was used to assess the score in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) and classify them into diﬀerent risk categories like mild (score ≤7), moderate (score 8-10) and severe (score >10). Results: There were 5.1% cases with a mild score, 61.5% with a moderate score, and 33.3% with a severe score She had a modified Ferriman Gallwey hirsutism score (modified Ferriman Gallwey (mFG) score) of 9 (upper lip 3, chin 3, lower abdomen 2, lower back 1). There was no acne, skin stria, baldness, oedema or abnormality of bodily habitus. Abdominal and genital examination was normal. There was no clitoromegaly The Ferriman-Gallwey scale The modified Ferriman-Gallwey scale (F-G scale) is a vis-ual self-rating method to determine hairiness in nine androgen dependent body areas [29,30]. The scale ranges from 0 to 36, and the cut-off score for hirsutism is a value over six, except in facial areas where a F-G score≥2also is considered as hirsutism [31,32] leuprolide for up to 6 months experienced positive benefits such as decreases in the Ferriman-Gallwey scores, in hair growth rate and/or in the percentage hair growth rate.21,22 The Endocrine Society guidelines (2008) on the treatment of hirsutism in premenopausal women suggest against using GnR The Ferriman-Gallwey score was as indicated in Table 1. The plasma levels of LH, FSH, E2, testosterone, androstenedione, and 17-hydroxy-progesterone are reported in Table 1 . The LH/FSH ratio, the sex hormone binding globulin values and the free androgen index resulted as reported in Table 1
In 1981, Hatch and coworkers established the current criterion standard for quantification of hirsutism, the modified Ferriman-Gallwey (mFG) score, which is a revised method of the original standard developed by S.M. Garn, D. Ferriman, J.D. Gallwey, and E. Moncada-Lorenzo Key principles Principles that underpinned the development and interpretation of all evidence-based guidelines are: such as the modified Ferriman Gallwey score (mFG) with a level â‰.
All women underwent a detailed assessment including anthropometric measurements (height, weight, BMI, and waist-hip ratio), blood pressure, hirsutism assessment (modified Ferriman-Gallwey score; score ≥8 is significant), and signs of insulin resistance such as acanthosis nigricans and skin tags PCOS, in its classic form, is characterized by infertility, oligomenorrhea and/or amenorrhea, hirsutism, acne or seborrhea, and obesity. In 1935 the syndrome was recognized by Stein and Leventhal 2 in a group of seven hirsute, amenorrheic women on the basis of typical ovarian morphology: fibrotic thickening of the tunica albuginea and outer cortex, and multiple cystic follicles with prominent. Hirsutism was evaluated by determining the presence of terminal hair using the modified Ferriman-Gallwey score, with hyperandrogenism defined as a value of ≥6. interpretation of the. Hirsutism is defined as excessive male pattern of hair growth. It is quantified by Ferriman Gallwey score. Score of >8 /36 is considered as Hirsutism in premenopausal women. Score of 8-15 is mild hirsutism and score >15 is considered as moderate to severe hirsutism. Q
The degree of hirsutism was determined by the Ferriman-Gallwey (FG) score . The BMI, WHR and hirsutism scores were assessed by a single investigator for all of the subjects. Biochemical evaluation. Venous blood samples were obtained in the follicular phase of a spontaneous or progesterone-induced menstrual cycle Her waist circumference is 27.6 in (70 cm). She has loose skin over her body. Her Ferriman-Gallwey score is 11 (normal, <9). She has no acne and only mild acanthosis is still visible in the axillae. Her thyroid gland is normal. Laboratory test results: Testosterone = 41 ng/dL (1.4 nmol/L) (reference range, 8-60 ng/dL [0.3-2.1 nmol/L] Hirsutism is defined as excessive male pattern of hair growth. It is quantified by Ferriman Gallwey score. Score of >8 /36 is considered as Hirsutism in premenopausal women. Score of 8-15 is mild hirsutism and score >15 is considered as moderate to severe hirsutism. Q. Should hirsutism be extensively evaluated in post menopausal women
Interpretation of androgen levels needs to be guided by the reference ranges of the laboratory used, acknowledging that ranges for different methods and laboratories vary widely. such as the modified Ferriman Gallwey score (mFG) with a level ≥ 4-6 indicating hirsutism, depending on ethnicity, acknowledging that self-treatment is common. analysis and interpretation of the data more clear. For the diagnosis of hirsutism, patients were evaluated by the Endocrinologist. Modified Ferriman-Gallwey (FG) scoring was used to evaluate hirsutism. Scoring was performed according to thickness, frequency and length of terminal hairs in eight differen Amiri M, Ramezani Tehrani F, Nahidi F, Bidhendi Yarandi R, Behboudi-Gandevani S, Azizi F. Association between biochemical hyperandrogenism parameters and Ferriman-Gallwey score in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome: A systematic review and meta-regression analysis. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2017;87(3):217-30. doi: 10.1111/cen.13389 Hirsutism is defined as excessive terminal (course) hairs that develop in androgen-dependent areas (ie, male pattern) in women.71 In adults, hirsutism is commonly graded by the semiquantitative Ferriman-Gallwey score, which is used to assess visible terminal hair in areas most sensitive to androgen.72, 73 However, normative data with regards.
Hirsutism. Ferriman and Gallwey  published a hirsutism rating scale that is illustrated in the table below. This scale allows the physician to measure a response to therapy objectively. This system is the most widely used and evaluates body areas for absent-to-severe hirsutism with scores of 0-4, respectively Hirsutism was assessed by the modified Ferriman-Gallwey score, which evaluated nine body areas (upper lip, chin, chest, arm, upper and lower abdomen, and upper and lower back, thighs) and scored from 0 (no terminal hairs) to four (extensive hair growth) allowing a universal interpretation of the data and outcomes
The control women had regular menses every 27-35 days and no hirsutism (Ferriman-Gallwey score <8; ref. 11) or acne was present during physical examination. All control women had normal glucose tolerance on a 75-g 2-hr oral glucose-tolerance test using World Health Organization criteria ( 12 ) Detailed medical information of included patients was collected, including the parameters age, body mass index (BMI), waist-hip ratio (WHR), transvaginal ultrasound results, modified Ferriman-Gallwey score (mF-G score) , and acne score . Transvaginal ultrasonography was performed on cycle days 3-5 (or between days 3 and 5 after a progestin.
S.L.A. and M.A.E. contributed to study design, data interpretation and the writing of the manuscript. All authors reviewed and approved the final version of the manuscript. A.E.B. is the guarantor. Presence of signs of hyperandrogenism: To identify these girls, a question about hirsutism was asked, and it was classified based on the Ferriman-Gallwey score . Girls were classified as having no hirsutism (score < 8), light hirsutism (score between 8 and 15), moderate (score between 16 and 25) or severe (score > 25) [ 48 ] Clinical: BMI, Waist circumference, Hip circumference, Acne score, FG (modified Ferriman Gallwey score ) (after no epilation for last 6 weeks), Menstrual History Biochemical: Thyroid function tests, Prolactin,Total Testosterone, Lipid Profile, FAsting blood sugar & 75 gm 2 hr Glucose tolerance test (GTT), Sr Insulin, 25- hydroxy vitamin D. Higher scores indicated a greater degree of hirsutism. Data collection Baseline data. Age, height, weight, waist, Ferriman-Gallwey hirsutism score, age of menarche, incidence of oligomenorrhea and amenorrhea, numbers of previous pregnancies and previous ovarian were obtained from patient medical records. Hormonal analyse
There may be a slightly greater reduction in hirsutism (Ferriman‐Gallwey score) (MD ‐1.12, 95% CI ‐2.16 to ‐0.08, 4 studies, N = 166, I 2 = 0% ) for lifestyle treatment compared to minimal treatment (Analysis 1.2; Figure 4). 1.3 Anthropometri Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder in women of childbearing age. This study aimed to compare the effects of lifestyle interventions on anthropometric, clinical, and biochemical parameters in adolescent girls with PCOS. PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science was systematically searched to retrieve studies investigating the effects of lifestyle modifications in. Detailed history on study questionnaire was recorded and clinical examination was conducted including hirsutism assessment as per modified Ferriman-Gallwey score (mFG score) at the Gynecology Department. 9 POCS was diagnosed as per Rotterdam criteria. 10 Anthropometric parameters were assessed as per standard protocols
C Lamina gave substantial contributions to analysis and interpretation of data. Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank the laboratory staff for the support and continual help in maintaining and analyzing the samples and documentation of data, especially Gisela Koestner, Jens Rasch, Ute Kirsch, Sieglinde Arndt, and Linda Fineder Modified Ferriman-Gallwey (F-G) hirsutism scoring system. Each of the nine body areas is rated from zero (absence of terminal hairs) to four (extensive terminal hair growth), and the numbers in each area are added for a total score Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common reason of anovulatory infertility. Environmental factor is one of the main causes of PCOS, but its contribution to ovulatory dysfunction in PCOS remains unknown. A total of 2217 infertile women diagnosed as PCOS according to Rotterdam criteria were recruited, including 1979 women with oligo-anovulation (OA group) and 238 women with normal.
Demystifying polycystic ovary syndrome - Podcast. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) has a prevalence of between 5% and 10% in American women of childbearing age. With a variety of symptoms, different diagnosis methods, misunderstood criteria, and both genetic and environmental causes, PCOS can be easily missed, especially in patients whose. Zhao X, Ni R, Huang J, et al. Study on the facial and body terminal hair growth in women in Guangdong by using modified Ferriman-Gallwey scoring system. Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi 2013;48:427-31. Zhao M. The value of combined application of uterine and laparoscopy in the treatment of infertility. China Health Industry 2012;000:144